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> 18l18luck新利 > Innovation > EVS和Compact Cities可以帮助削减全球排放吗?

EVS和Compact Cities可以帮助削减全球排放吗?

As cities re-orient their streets to promote public transport, researchers say the key is to minimise number of vehicles on road and electrifying the rest

捷豹I-PACE电动汽车停放在加利福尼亚州旧金山湾景区的Waymo的运营中心,Usifornia,19,2011年10月19日。
捷豹I-PACE电动汽车停放在加利福尼亚州旧金山湾景区的Waymo的运营中心,Usifornia,19,2011年10月19日。(REUTERS)

研究者在周四表示,如果各国政府希望避开全球变暖的最大效果,因此,汤姆森路透学,将更多的人进入电动汽车进入电动车辆的转变需要发生更多的“紧凑型”城市。

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Curbing urban transport emissions is a narrow but critical piece in the broader fight against climate change, as cities from Paris to Jakarta re-orient their streets to promote public transit use and bicycle and walking paths.

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Also read:Here's how countries are eyeing an electric car future

“If politicians think electrification is going to save the day... and everybody’s going to go out and buy an electric vehicle, it’s just not going to work,” said Heather Thompson, CEO of the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP).

这项研究看着四种情况进行运输:“像往常一样,”公共和私人车辆的大量电气化到2050年,城市的主要转变为非汽车运输,以及“高EV + Shift”组合。

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“EV + Shift”情景是唯一估计2020 - 2015年排放的唯一一个,符合2015年巴黎气候变化协定的目标,这旨在将全球温度升至2摄氏度的“良好”。

The key is minimizing the overall number of vehicles on the road and electrifying the rest, said Thompson, whose nonprofit group developed and released the research in concert with the University of California, Davis.

2021年12月3日星期五,车辆在巴基斯坦拉合尔山脉覆盖的车辆笼罩着烟雾。旁遮普省省内超过1100万人的城市与印度的边境附近,在世界上最糟糕的城市跻身空气污染。
2021年12月3日星期五,车辆在巴基斯坦拉合尔山脉覆盖的车辆笼罩着烟雾。旁遮普省省内超过1100万人的城市与印度的边境附近,在世界上最糟糕的城市跻身空气污染。(Bloomberg)

Rising emissions

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研究发现,城市客运占世界气候变化的10%的气候变化排放量 - 但由于私人车辆在新兴经济体中更容易获得新兴经济体,这些排放量稳步增长。

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Researchers acknowledged that putting into place a large-scale "EV + shift" combination would require a "vast global effort," likening it to the construction of the U.S. interstate highway system in the 1950s.

But the study catalogued examples of cities promoting effective land use and public transporation options that others could emulate.

例如,墨西哥城拥有可行的公共比基斯席系统和政策,这些系统和政策抑制或减少停车可用性。

在美国太平洋西北地区,波特兰推动了侦查法律,鼓励高密度开发 - 这使得步行更容易 - 而西雅图已经努力确保居民可以靠近高频总线路线。

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该研究指出,通过促进其他选择,巴黎在30年内减少了近50%的近50%,而2004年在雅加达开设了一项批量过境系统,将近一百万个每日骑手预先大流行。

“We have the solutions. We have the technology. We know which ones are more cost-effective. It’s really about political will,” Thompson told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

More immediate, tangible steps to promote clean transport - like creating protected bike lanes and sidewalks and boosting rapid transit - would serve people where they already live, she noted.

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“These are things that cities can do. It’s not about people moving - it’s about bringing those better transportation options to people wherever they live,” she said.

这个航拍图片显示了2021年12月2日在雅加达市中心周围的住宅区。(照片作者Bay Ismoyo / Afp)
这个航拍图片显示了2021年12月2日在雅加达市中心周围的住宅区。(照片作者Bay Ismoyo / Afp)(AFP)

Roadblocks

尽管如此,甚至逐渐改变城市设计和分区法律可能会产生大规模的政治反弹 - 与匆忙安装的道路障碍一样,旨在在早期大流行锁定期间在伦敦散步和骑自行车的空间。

A combination of inertia and entrenchment of old designs and thinking are major obstacles, said Brendan Shane, climate director at The Trust for Public Land, a nonprofit group.

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“The idea that the road is the principal design feature for a new area… (and that) the car comes first and the people come second still tends to be dominant,” he said.

在美国和其他地方,开发商,居民和当地企业的竞争利益可以使其几乎不可能满足每个人。

北卡罗来纳州夏洛特前市长Jennifer Roberts回顾了最近与“致密”社区的小企业主的谈话。

“It was so interesting because half the business owners were like 'We don’t have enough parking' and 'Our customers can't get there,’” she said.

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“And the other (half) were like, 'We need less parking – our customers walk and bike to where we are. We want more space for our restaurant – less space for the cars.'”

ITDP报告发现,到2050年,与“常规”和高电气化选项相比,换到更紧凑的城市的转变每年可以将城市客运的直接公共和私人费用减少5万亿美元。

Linda Hwang表示,美国在美国看到有形的福利,林达明,林达明,林达·汉·林达·王(Catre)的公共土地战略和创新总监Linda Hwang表示,如果有形的福利表示,投票倡议是有能力的。

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“We see time and time again people making the choice to tax (themselves) if it means they’re going to get more parks, more trails, more public lands,” she said.

“没有人喜欢税收,没有人喜欢碳税,但如果你称之为公园,那么他们(说),'是的,我会为此付出代价。'”

(Reporting by David Sherfinski. Editing by Laurie Goering for the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters)

Also read:Is your electric car as eco-friendly as you thought?

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